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December 29, 2021
Viewpoint

Change the Name of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt to Blalock-Thomas-Taussig Shunt

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 29, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5611

This Viewpoint discusses Vivien Thomas’s contribution to the discovery of the Blalock-Taussig shunt and strongly recommends a change in nomenclature for the procedure, which henceforth should be known as the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt.

Original Investigation

Association of VA Surgeons

Comparing Veterans Affairs and Private Sector Perioperative Outcomes After Noncardiac Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 29, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6488

This cohort study compares perioperative outcomes among veterans treated in Veterans Affairs hospitals with patients treated in private sector hospitals using Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program and National Quality Surgical Improvement Program as comparable, high-quality, and audited national registries.

Association of Weight Loss Achieved Through Metabolic Surgery With Risk and Severity of COVID-19 Infection

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online December 29, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6496

This cohort study examines weight loss outcomes from surgical and nonsurgical interventions among patients with obesity before and after the COVID-19 outbreak.

Invited Commentary

Untangling Access and Quality in the VA Health Care System: Measuring Black Holes in Observational Studies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 29, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6548

Is COVID-19 the Newest Comorbidity of Obesity Mitigated by Bariatric Surgery?

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online December 29, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6549
Comment & Response

Comments on Study About US Female Surgeons

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 29, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6447

Comments on Study About US Female Surgeons

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 29, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6446

Comments on Study About US Female Surgeons—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 29, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6448
December 22, 2021
Original Investigation

Association of Total Thyroidectomy or Thyroid Lobectomy With the Quality of Life in Patients With Differentiated Thyroid Cancer With Low to Intermediate Risk of Recurrence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 22, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6442

This cohort study compares the health-related quality of life in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer who have undergone total thyroidectomy vs thyroid lobectomy.

Association of VA Surgeons

Association Between Operative Autonomy of Surgical Residents and Patient Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 22, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6444

This cohort study uses records from the VA Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to assess whether surgical procedures performed autonomously by residents were associated with different patient outcomes than those performed by attending surgeons alone or by residents and surgeons together.

Invited Commentary

Quality of Life, Patient-Reported Outcomes, and Extent of Surgery for Patients With Low- and Intermediate-Risk–Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 22, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6443

Lack of Attending Surgeon Scrubbed and Resident Autonomy Are Not Equivalent

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 22, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6445
Surgical Innovation

The Bullet Related Injury Clinic—Healing the Deep Wounds of Gun Violence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 22, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.4889

This article discusses the Bullet Related Injury Clinic in St Louis, Missouri, a program that seeks to provide care for people with bullet-related injury.

Comment & Response

Nondirected, Advanced, and Voucher-Based Donation—The Importance of Terminology

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 22, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5767

Nondirected, Advanced, and Voucher-Based Donation—The Importance of Terminology—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 22, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5768
December 15, 2021
Viewpoint

Deadly Legacy—The 510(k) Path to Medical Device Clearance

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 15, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5558

This Viewpoint assesses the rigor applied by the US Food and Drug Administration to the premarket clearance and postmarket surveillance of medical devices and considers potential remedies to the inherent shortcomings.

Original Investigation

Association of Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis After Neurosurgical Intervention for Traumatic Brain Injury With Thromboembolic Complications, Repeated Neurosurgery, and Mortality

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 15, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5794

This cohort study assesses the association of pharmacologic prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism with risk of thromboembolic and intracranial complications after neurosurgical intervention for traumatic brain injury.

Challenging Traditional Paradigms in Posttraumatic Pulmonary Thromboembolism

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 15, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6356

This cohort study of patients with trauma-associated venous thromboembolism risk factors assesses whether posttraumatic pulmonary clots are all pulmonary embolisms or whether some represent pulmonary thrombosis.

Outcomes of a Delirium Prevention Program in Older Persons After Elective Surgery: A Stepped-Wedge Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
open access has audio
JAMA Surg. Published online December 15, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6370

This stepped-wedge cluster randomized clinical trial examines whether a multifaceted prevention intervention is effective in reducing postoperative delirium incidence and prevalence among older patients after various major surgical procedures.

Invited Commentary

Adverse Outcomes With Early Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Neurosurgical Trauma Patients—Are We Crossing the Blood-Brain Barrier?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 15, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5766
Comment & Response

Benefit of a Live Donor for Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma on the Waiting List

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 15, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6372

Benefit of a Live Donor for Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma on the Waiting List—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 15, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6373
Correction

Incorrect Term in Results

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online December 15, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6858
December 8, 2021
Original Investigation

Association of Surgeon-Patient Sex Concordance With Postoperative Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 8, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6339

This cohort study examines the association between surgeon-patient sex discordance and postoperative outcomes.

Outcomes Associated With Caustic Ingestion Among Adults in a National Prospective Database in France

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 8, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6368

This study assesses outcomes associated with caustic ingestion in adults across a nationwide prospective database in France.

Invited Commentary

Surgical Outcomes Should Know No Identity—The Case for Equity Between Patients and Surgeons

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 8, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6367

Caustic Ingestion—The Haves and the Have Nots

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 8, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6369
Review

Current Issues in the Use of Opioids for the Management of Postoperative Pain: A Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 8, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6210

This narrative review explores some of the current issues surrounding the use of opioids in the perioperative period.

Comment & Response

Grit and Burnout in the Physician Workforce

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 8, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6347

Grit and Burnout in the Physician Workforce

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 8, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6350

Grit and Burnout in the Physician Workforce—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 8, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6353
Correction

Error in Abstract and Methods

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online December 8, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6534
December 1, 2021
Viewpoint

Determining the Benefits of Gender-Affirming Surgery—A Call for Action

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 1, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.5566

This Viewpoint discusses how coverage with evidence development may be warranted to develop a rigorous evidence base for gender-affirming interventions and surgery while simultaneously allowing access and provisional coverage for these services.

Original Investigation

Patient- and Surgeon-Level Variation in Patient-Reported Sexual Function Outcomes Following Radical Prostatectomy Over 2 Years: Results From a Statewide Surgical Improvement Collaborativep

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 1, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6215

This cohort study describes patient- and surgeon-level sexual function outcomes among patients undergoing radical prostatectomy in the Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MUSIC) and examines the association between surgeon case volume and sexual function outcomes.

Perspectives of General Surgery Program Directors on Paternity Leave During Surgical Training

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 1, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6223

This qualitative study evaluates attitudes and perceptions of US surgical program directors on leave for nonchildbearing or male surgical residents.

Invited Commentary

Identifying Top Talent to Improve Prostatectomy Sexual Outcomes: Is the Juice Worth the Squeeze?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 1, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6257

Parental Leave—Are We Implementing Perspectives Rather than Policies?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 1, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6258
Comment & Response

Surgeon Perception That Opioids Are Not Needed for Young Children Postoperatively

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 1, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6251

Surgeon Perception That Opioids Are Not Needed for Young Children Postoperatively—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online December 1, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6254
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